for its proven milk and cheese qualities
of milk quotas has not diminished en thusiasm for the Montbeliarde
breed. Far from it - it is emerging as the leading profitable
breed. 50% of controled cows are registered with the National
Unit for Selection and Promotion of the Montbeliarde breed
(UPRa), which means that 4,500 breeders are involved in the
breed selection choices.
sound selection basis
With close to 360,000
controled cows, the Montbeliarde breed is the 2nd
French dairy breed. An adult
- 319 days
- 7486 kg
- 3.45 TA (protein content)
- 3.89 TB (fat content)
The breed orientation managers have
always simultaneously worked on the nitrogen and caseins levels
in the milk
In 10 years the breed has progressed by a 1.1 g/kg nitrogen
level. At the same time each bull has been typified on Kappa
Casein chain. The frequency of allele B on Kappa Casein chain,
favourable for cheese yield, increased by 14.3% in 5 years
in the Montbeliarde inseminations.
The breed is appreciated by cheese cooperatives that manufacture
cheeses or great renown, such as:
- Comté, the cheese from the breed's place of origin,
38,500 tonnes per year
- Reblochon, 16,500 tonnes
- Mont d'Or, 3,200 tonnes
- Abondance, 777 tonnes
More than 50,000 cows in first lactation are classified
each year on their beef value and their format for bull indexing.
More than 350 bull-calves pass through an individual control
testing station and only 60% are retained on conformation
and feed efficiency criteria before being presented for testing.
Excellent growth and carcasses. Typical weight at 10 months
= 420 kg (SCI)
Excellent feed conversion
High veal price
Numerous selection tools to improve
Mastitis resistance: The Montbeliarde
is one of the breeds with the greatest mastitis resistance.
Ease of calving: 25% of Montbeliarde females
inseminated per week by Charolais bulls - this is proof enough.
Fertility: Convincing results in France
and abroad. In Ireland on the Moorepark farm (61% success
rate in 1st Al against 50, 43 and 32% in 1998 for the other
Functional longevity: The Montbeliarde breed
has given its proof in French livestock - 200 cows have already
produced more than 100 tonnes of milk today - 50% more cows
beyond the fifth lactation.